Dentists in the field of prosthodontics provide multidisciplinary levels of care, including the correction of failed treatments that negatively effect the oral cavity and aesthetics. They also provide advanced dental care for complex anatomical features of teeth, gums and supporting bone structure.
Using some state-of-the-art procedures, the prosthodontist is often regarded as an “architect” of a restorative dental treatment plan. Mainly for partially or completely edentulous (toothless) patients, prosthodontist is the key planner of treatment. Prosthodontic treatments are designed to produce a balance between functionality, perdurability and aesthetics.
• Fixed Partial Dentures (crowns, bridges),
• Metal, Metal Ceramic (Porcelain), Metal Resin, Metal–free Ceramic (Porcelain/Crowns),
• Dental Bridges (Prosthodontic restorations),
• Dental Veneers (Shells),
• Removable Partial Dentures (For partially-edentulous people),
• Removable Complete Dentures (for edentulous people).
The tooth is covered by metal crown which can be made of gold, Ni free metal or other substances. Metal coup is poured on the ground tooth which is then covered with tooth coloured ceramics. This ceramics completely obscures and makes the look more aesthetic. Producing this metal cap from any precious metal complies with the strictest standards of biocompatibility and aesthetics. These crowns are stable and long-lasting; the ceramic crown cover is colour-fast and offers high aesthetic value.
Should the ground tooth not be given the metal cup but is completely made of ceramics, then it is referred to as metal-free or all ceramic crown.
As no metal is present and ceramics itself is highly permeable to light, it conforms to high aesthetic standards.
Today, this is the most perfect, biocompatible and aesthetic prosthesis.
Depending on the placing of remaining teeth, dentists have various possibilities to eliminate spaces. Bridges represent dental prostheses which fix the replacing dentures to the adjacent remaining ones.
Crowns with a ceramic cover always have a metal base called metal structure. It can be made from precious metals (being the most perfect) or non-precious metals.
The ceramic cover sits on the metal base making it look aesthetically pleasing. The metal structure gives the crown its stability and long life.
Dental Ceramic Veneers
A thin ceramic shell causing the least damage to the teeth is primarily used in the case of front teeth. It is completely free of metals, long lasting and in these days the most aesthetic prosthesis. It can be successfully applied on discoloured teeth.
Removable Partial Dentures (combined metal plate prostheses).
In the event of the significant absence of molars, a combination of fixed and removable prostheses is applied.
Front teeth are supplied with a crown on which the special precision retainers (Ceka, ot-cap, preci...) are placed to accommodate the removable metal plate with the dentures. The attachment of the removable part is not visible from the outside which is beneficial to the patient.
Removable Complete Dentures (prostheses)
They are prepared when there are no teeth in the jawbone. The valve effect of the mucous membrane, the capillary pressure, the biting pressure and gravity are used for fixing. It is generally made from plastic and it consists of base plate, artificial gingival and artificial teeth.
Dental implantology enables patients to replace the loss of one or all of their teeth by dental implants. Dental implant inserted into the bone of upper and lower jawis an artificial replacement of the entire tooth and root. This support inserted into the bone provides high retention and stability of the future prosthesis.
Dental implants usually have cylindrical or slightly conical shape. Majority of them is made of titanium with different surface treatments for better and faster healing. After its healing (so-called osteointegration), which takes approximately 3 - 4 months, a step towards final prosthetic treatment is made.
Implantation requires sufficient amount and quality bone in the jawbone. In case of significant bone absence, its reconstruction is also one of the possible ways. In order to do so, not only is the patient´s own bonebut also the artificial bone (augmentation). Our surgeon performs sinus lifting operations as well. The final treatment should not be only functional but also aesthetic.
The base for success is perfect diagnostics - the overall examination of the patient. This includes an assessment of density and quality of jaw bones before the implantation itself.
It is also important to plan the whole surgery and to provide the patient with all information!
• stability and immobilization of prosthesis (in case of appropriate amount of implants),
• positive aesthetic effect on the facial expression, winsome and new smile provides better quality of life and renewal of self–confidence not only in private life but also on social and professional level,
• stable teeth have positive effect on pronounciation, perception of tastes, mastication and digestion.
ROOT CANAL TREATMENT - Endodontic Treatment
Root canal treatment (also called endodontics) is needed when the blood or nerve supply of tooth (known as the pulp) is infected via decay or injury. In the early stages of the infection, you may not feel any pain.
In some cases, when the tooth darkens, we can state the nerve of the tooth has died (or is dying). In this situation root canal treatment is needed. If the pulp becomes infected, the infection may spread through the root canal system of the tooth eventually leading to abscess.
Abscess presents an inflamed area where pus collects causing later swelling of tissues around the tooth. The symptoms of an abscess can range from dull ache to severe pain and the tooth may be sensitive when biting.
If the root canal treatment (RCT) would not be performed, the infection will spread, and extraction will be needed. Root canal treatment, or endodontic one, cleans the infected pulp chamber and fixes the damage. By doing this the tooth can be saved.
• spontaneous pain or throbbing while biting,
• sensitivity to hot and cold,
• severe decay or injury that creates abscess (infection) in the bone.